On August 10, the CFPB issued a consent order against a FinTech company for a faulty algorithm utilized in its personal finance management app that caused consumer accounts to overdraft and incur overdraft penalties. According to the CFPB, although the San Francisco-based fintech company promoted the app as a savings tool for consumers, it engaged in deceptive acts or practices in violation of the CFPA by:

  • Falsely claiming a “no overdraft guarantee” – although the FinTech represented that it “never transfers more than you can afford” and claimed to offer “no overdraft guarantee,” it routinely caused consumers to incur overdraft fees charged by their banks.
  • Failing to reimburse overdraft fees – the FinTech claimed that it would reimburse consumers if there was an overdraft, but often denied consumer requests for reimbursement.
  • Keeping interest earned – despite claiming that it would not keep any interest earned on consumer funds it was holding, the FinTech kept the interest earned.

The CFPB’s consent order enjoins the FinTech company from making any further misrepresentations related to its “auto-save” algorithm, requires the company to pay at least $68,145 in consumer redress for rejecting reimbursement requests for overdraft fees incurred, and payment of $2.7 million in civil penalties.

Putting It Into Practice: This recent enforcement action demonstrates that FinTechs are a focal point for allegations of consumer protection violations through their use of algorithms to determine consumer outcomes, including outside of the fair lending context. Consistent with this consent order, FinTechs should ensure that its’ algorithms do not function in a manner that runs afoul of consumer protection laws—for example, by producing results that contradict the companies’ guarantees and promises to consumers. Similarly, companies should note that this latest action also highlights another one of the CFPB’s current policy pushes: reining in overdraft fees.